Publications

ITC publications bring the business voice to sustainable trade, with a focus on developing countries. We offer guidance for trade policymakers, business support organizations and small firms. Our reports offer insights to make trade more inclusive, green, digital and competitive.

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A review of trade flows, value chain, sustainability, illegality and animal welfare of the trade in South-East Asian python skins.The paper analyses reported trade in python skins, the added value at each stage from hunting to retail and likely areas of illegal activity (smuggling, false declaration...

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A comparison of sustainability schemes, as well as an overview of the trends in the markets for specialty and sustainable coffees. Coffee niche markets provide opportunities for producers in developing countries to increase their incomes. This paper, drawn from ITC’s new book on the coffee trade,...

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Paper focusing on the contribution of the coffee value chain to climate change and the effects of climate change on global coffee production with particular reference to smallholder coffee producers in developing and least developed countries – reviews the opportunities to mitigate greenhouse gas...

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Sub-Saharan Africa can boost annual GDP by US $15 billion if time in customs clearance is cut by 50%, and add another US $20 billion by improving transport infrastructure. This paper outlines policy options to dramatically increase export growth. It recommends that sub-Saharan African countries...

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Anti-competitive practices can hurt developing country businesses. This book outlines cases and suggestions for reform. This book focuses on state monopolies and abuses of dominant positions in infrastructure markets, anti-competitive practices in the international distribution and retail sector,...

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This paper guides exporters, packers and processors of organic food products through packaging sourcing and selection options.It helps them understand requirements and formulate their own packaging strategies, thereby creating new opportunities and competitiveness in their business. It includes an...

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A recent ITC survey of 960 Peruvian companies shows that 40% face challenges related to non-tariff measures, mostly in their major export markets in the USA, the EU and some countries in Latin America. This report outlines survey results and policy options discussed at a national roundtable in Peru...

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This report outlines trade barriers faced by firms in Morocco, based on an ITC study. Companies are particularly concerned about partner’s technical regulations (SPS), including the lack of infrastructure and cumbersome procedures, as well as national inspection requirements. The study serves...

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This paper provides easy-to-follow guidance on the basic labelling requirements for finished natural product and sustainability certification. Labelling products correctly is an essential requirement to sell natural products in the United States consumer market and exporters from developing...

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This paper describes in detail the types of claim statements permissible for dietary supplements and health food products, non-food cosmetic products, and over-the-counter drug products marketed in the United States. In the United States, regulations determine the statements that a company can...

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This paper aims to guide exporters of agricultural products through the process of product carbon footprinting so as to make it easier for them to understand the processes involved, improve their environmental performance and ultimately to reduce the costs for their business. This paper presents a...

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This paper provides key information about the North American natural products market with a special focus on selected South American and African products. Natural products in the North American market have experienced strong market growth in the last decade as consumers increasingly demand...

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