Publications

ITC publications bring the business voice to sustainable trade, with a focus on developing countries. We offer guidance for trade policymakers, business support organizations and small firms. Our reports offer insights to make trade more inclusive, green, digital and competitive.

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Agricultural and food products from Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda and Zambia have export potential for China, as consumer demand continues to grow. This report highlights areas of greatest potential and also looks at both sides to seal more sanitary agreements to...

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Africa and the Caribbean have more than $1 billion in export potential across a range of goods and services sectors. By tackling trade barriers and channelling investments into sectors with growth potential, such as agrifoods and fertilizers, Africa could increase its merchandise exports to the...

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This guide shows small garment manufacturers how to cost both traditional and value-added services they can offer their clients. It also shows how to reduce costs while aligning production processes and being better informed when engaging in contract negotiations.

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Many climate-smart technologies exist in Pakistan to help farmers adapt to climate change. These include commercially available technologies and those developed locally. Various factors hinder their uptake, limiting climate resilience.

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This guide offers policymakers and trade practitioners practical, step-by-step advice on how to mainstream gender concerns into the work of their trade ministries, small business ministries and trade support institutions.

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More than two-thirds of Jordanian companies face difficulties with non-tariff measures when exporting or importing. Inconsistent application of regulations creates major obstacles for Jordanian exporters. The problems caused by conformity assessment requirements and procedures are a key source of...

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The rhinoceros faces the risk of extinction in the wild if current poaching rates continue. Viet Nam, a main market, uses horn as an ingredient in Traditional Asian Medicine (TAM). An ITC survey of 1000 consumers of TAM, including 239 rhino horn users, found they preferred rhino horn that is...

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Mauritian exporters claim to be less affected by trade barriers than many other countries that have participated in the ITC business surveys on non-tariff measures. Among the 400 Mauritian firms surveyed, 27% of exporters were adversely affected by non-tariff measures; 36% of importing firms...

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Non-tariff measures (NTMs) affect Paraguayan companies more than those in other Latin American countries, an ITC survey reveals. Of 406 exporters and importers, 62% report problems linked to burdensome NTMs, particularly testing and product certification requirements. Taxes and charges and...

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New, small and medium-sized enterprises in Jamaica are more affected by non-tariff measures (NTMs) than larger firms, according to a study conducted by the International Trade Centre (ITC). The study also suggests that a lack of information and adequate resources makes it harder for SMEs to overcome...

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A pesar de la existencia de acuerdos comerciales, exportadores e importadores uruguayos reportaron que el comercio regional enfrenta obstáculos considerables. Este informe resume los resultados de una encuesta empresarial a gran escala en la que se entrevistó a 458 exportadores e importadores...

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