Empoderamiento económico de las mujeres

    Panorama general

    Las microempresas y las pequeñas y medianas empresas representan el 90 % de las empresas del mundo y concentran más de la mitad del empleo mundial. Sin embargo, las mujeres dirigen menos de un tercio de todas ellas. 

    La iniciativa SheTrades del ITC está dirigida a todas las partes interesadas del ecosistema comercial y empresarial y tiene el objetivo de proporcionar acceso a los conocimientos, los recursos y las redes de contacto clave a las mujeres empresarias y productoras. También apoyamos a los encargados de formular políticas en las reformas inclusivas de políticas y amplificamos el impacto de nuestro trabajo a través de las asociaciones con el sector público y el privado. 

    Reconocemos que todas las mujeres tienen derecho a ingresos dignos, empleo, condiciones de trabajo justas y a poder elegir y dejarse escuchar en la configuración de su futuro económico y estamos trabajando para lograr que esto sea una realidad. Por ello creamos la Iniciativa SheTrades en 2015 con el objetivo de fomentar las condiciones y las capacidades para que cada mujer, esté donde esté, pueda alcanzar su pleno potencial económico. 

    Integración de la perspectiva de género en las políticas y los datos

    SheTrades trabaja a nivel multilateral, regional y nacional para garantizar que se tengan en cuenta las necesidades e intereses de las mujeres, y para que se actúe en consecuencia y se traduzcan en resultados tangibles. 

    Para promover el comercio sostenible e inclusivo es necesario tener voluntad política, mejores datos sobre comercio y género, y medidas políticas adecuadas que aborden las prioridades y las necesidades de las mujeres en cada país. 

    Descubra más sobre el Grupo de Impacto Comercial de Campeones Internacionales del Género y el ISO IWA 34

    Multilateral Trade and Gender Agenda
    Technical Support For Domestic Policy Reforms
    Regional-Level Support on the AfCFTA
    1. Developing a Gender Lens for the WTO

    Mainstreaming gender into the heart of the multilateral trading system, such as the World Trade Organization, can pave the way to trade agreements, negotiations, and committees that respond to the needs and challenges faced by women.

    In 2022 SheTrade is currently implementing an EU-funded project that is aimed at developing a gender-lens framework for the WTO. This framework will be applied to four selected topics: trade facilitation, e-commerce, investment facilitation, and government procurement.

    1. Leverage The International Gender Champions Trade Impact Group

    Established in 2016, the Trade Impact Group (TIG) is one of the six impact groups under the auspices of the International Gender Champions. It aims to mobilize the Geneva community to leverage trade to achieve of gender equality.

    In 2017, the TIG put the trade and gender agenda on the table by securing support from 127 WTO members and observers from the Buenos Aires declaration. This later proved the way for the establishment of the WTO Informal Working Group on Trade and Gender in 2020.

    The TIG is currently implementing its 2022-2023 work plan. A key part of this work plan is the EU-funded public-private partnership (PPP) initiative that seeks to promote of peer-to-peer learning and establishment of women-specific PPPs.

    1. Harmonizing Terminology On Women's Entrepreneurship

    The current landscape on terminology pertaining to women's entrepreneurship remains fragmented: countries and institutions across the world use different definitions to refer to the same term and different terms to refer to similar concepts. In some cases, no definitions exist.

    This is why ITC, the Swedish Institute for Standards and International Organization of Standardization, launched the ISO International Workshop Agreement (IWA) 34: 2021 Women's entrepreneurship - key definitions and general criteria in 2021 to develop a set of universally agreed-upon definitions on women's entrepreneurship.

    The SheTrades initiative provides countries with technical assistance for gender-responsive policy reforms to ensure that all genders benefit equally from trade. Based on well-tested methodologies and toolkits, SheTrades adapts its services to country priorities and constraints.

     Examples of policy topics covered include:

    • Access to finance regulations for women;
    • Gender-responsive public procurement;
    • Advocacy for COVID-19 economic stimulus package for women-led businesses and women in tourism;
    • Gender-mainstreaming into the AfCFTA National Implementation Strategy, National Export Development Strategy, National Export Strategy, Trade Facilitation Reform Agenda, National Trade Policy, and Cooperatives Policy;
    • Definition of women-owned/led businesses;
    • MSME Policy Gender-responsive Implementation Plan.

    There is a historic opportunity for women in the African continent. The African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA), which spans 54 African countries, has the potential to support a market of over 1 billion people, contribute more than 3 trillion US Dollars to global GDP,  and substantially increase Africa's share of global trade.

    The AfCFTA can open significant opportunities for women entrepreneurs and producers. However, a 2020 ITC survey of 70 African women's business associations found that 70% of them have not been meaningfully involved in negotiations, and their members are not taking advantage of existing regional trade agreements.

    To make the AfCFTA work for women entrepreneurs and producers, SheTrades provides African women and their business associations with the platform, capacity building, and resources critical for their participation in and shaping of the AfCFTA.

    Resources

    Contacto del ITC

    Senior Programme Officer
    Judith
    Fessehaie
    Correo electrónico
    jfessehaie [at] intracen.org