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Sustainable sourcing of agricultural raw materials: A practitioner's guide
This guide sets out the issues companies need to take into consideration when planning and implementing a sustainable sourcing strategy, with particular focus on developing a sustainable supply chain. Illustrating the main challenges in developing sustainable supply chains, it develops a set of actions and strategic responses to support businesses in dealing with sustainability issues along the supply chain.
The collaborating partners to this joint publication are: the International Trade Centre, the Sustainable Agriculture Initiative (SAI) Platform, the CSL Learning Platform of the IMD Global Center for Sustainability Leadership (CSL), and the Sustainable Trade Initiative.
Business for Social Responsibility, the Sedex Information Exchange and the Sustainable Food Laboratory also contributed to the development of the guide and are supporting its outreach.
Malawi: Company perspective - An ITC series on non-tariff measures
This ITC survey of exporters and importers in Malawi addresses business concerns surrounding non-tariff measures, finding that many trade obstacles can be dealt with at home.
It reveals that their main challenges to accessing markets abroad in relation to non-tariff measures are twofold. First, product certification is problematic: companies have difficulties meeting international standards, and Malawi lacks an internationally accredited facility to certify products. Second, export licensing is a real challenge due to the many institutions involved, which contributes to inefficiency in issuing licenses.
This paper presents and analyses the survey results, including trade policy implications for Malawi. It also outlines the recommendations established in a public-private dialogue on the survey results.
Commonwealth trade: Prospects for stronger cooperation
Enhanced economic cooperation among Commonwealth States could boost trade integration despite differences in terms of geographic location and economic development.
This paper employs up-to-date trade statistics to analyse the export performance of Commonwealth Member States, recognizing their differences in terms of levels of development and the business climate. Based on an assessment of prevailing market access conditions, it identifies policy options for stronger intra-Commonwealth economic cooperation.
The trade in South-East Asian python skins
A review of trade flows, value chain, sustainability, illegality and animal welfare in the trade in South-East Asian python skins.
The paper analyses reported trade in python skins, the added value at each stage, from hunting to retail, and likely areas of illegal activity (smuggling, false declaration of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora - CITES permits). It provides background on CITES regulations, reviews threats to sustainability of supply and outlines animal welfare practices. The paper includes recommendations for policymakers and the leather/fashion industry.
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Combating anti-competitive practices - A guide to developing economy exporters
Anti-competitive practices can hurt developing country businesses. This book outlines cases and suggestions for reform. It focuses on state monopolies and abuses of dominant positions in infrastructure markets, anti-competitive practices in the international distribution and retail sector, and international cartels. The role and response of the private sector is discussed, as well as the scope for enhanced international cooperation to address these issues. By addressing anti-competitive practices and market structures, businesses in developing countries will have stronger export potential.
Publications are listed online with prices and can be ordered at ITC’s e-shop at
www.intracen.org/about/e-shop and via the National Book Network (NBN) at:
To buy publications by mail
United Nations Publications Customer Service
c/o National Book Network
PO Box 190
Blue Ridge Summit, PA 17214
email: unpublications [at] nbnbooks.com
In Europe, Africa, and the Middle East:
Stratton Business Park
Biggleswade SG18 8TQ
email: custserv [at] turpin-distribution.com
Publications are free in limited numbers for official trade-related institutions. For print copies, contact ITC Publications at: itcreg [at] intracen.org.